SYMBOLOGY OF HUICHOL ART
According to their beliefs, when there is communication between gods and people, through bright colors, shapes and figures, a nierika opens, a portal.
Thus, each symbol has a special meaning:
It is the medullar animal in its mythology for its importance in the creation of the world, helper of the fire grandfather (Tatewari) and later creator of peyote and corn.
From this is the communication between men and gods, the mythical portal of their culture, signifies the beginning of life and the order of the world.
God eye It is another kind of portal, nierika, which is also a protective shield for the pilgrim to focus on now.
Tatewari, the main wixárika deity, the fire grandfather (who is older than the sun).
It symbolizes the masculine gender for being an element used for the hunting and to cross.
Man with deer horns or eagle feathers
It symbolizes Kauyumari, «the one who is not seen», also known as the older brother. It is a historical hero for the wixárikas (similar to Christ).
Kauyumari inhabited the Earth a not so distant time ago; He had communication with the shamans and informed them about important events for the community, such as the best conditions to grow corn.
Bridge of communication between the gods and man.
Colors also define the god to whom things are requested, for example: blue to rain, black to germinate the earth, red to be strong, and the five basic colors they use represent the types of corn: red , black, white, blue and yellow.